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          腎蕨 Nephrolepis cordifolia (Linnaeus) C. Presl

          目前為止,中國西南野生生物種質資源庫共保藏該物種: DNA材料5份; 離體材料30份;

          • 科:腎蕨科    Nephrolepidaceae
          • 屬:腎蕨屬    Nephrolepis
          • 種:腎蕨   Nephrolepis cordifolia

          1志書描述

          5. Nephrolepis cordifolia (Linnaeus) C. Presl, Tent. Pterid. 79. 1836. 腎蕨 shen jue Polypodium cordifolium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1089. 1753, nom. cons.; Aspidium cordifolium (Linnaeus) Swartz; A. tuberosum Bory ex Willdenow; Dryopteris auriculata (Linnaeus) Kuntze; Nephrodium tuberosum (Bory ex Willdenow) Desvaux; Nephrolepis auriculata (Linnaeus) Trimen, nom. utique rej.; N. tuberosa (Bory ex Willdenow) C. Presl; P. auriculatum Linnaeus, nom. utique rej.Plants terrestrial or epiphytic. Rhizome erect, short, covered with yellowish brown, narrowly lanceolate scales; stolons bearing scaly tubers (1-1.5 cm in diam.). Stipe 5-15 cm, densely covered with same scales as on rhizome; lamina linear-lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate, 25-75 × 3-6 cm, pinnate; pinnae 40-120 pairs, approximate, lanceolate, 1.5-2.5 × 0.6-1.2 cm, unequal at base, margin serrulate to crenate, auricle acute, lower pinnae obtuse, gradually shorter upward; rachis with sparse, fibrillar scales. Sori lunulate or rarely orbicular-reniform; indusia brown, elongate.Forests, along streams; near sea level to 1500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa, SW Asia, Australia, North and South America, Pacific islands].Slender plants of Nephrolepis cordifolia are sometimes mistaken for N. undulata (Afzelius) J. Smith (Bot. Mag. 72: 35. 1846; Aspidium undulatum Afzelius, J. Bot. (Schrader) 1800(2): 32. 1801; Nephrodium delicatulum Decaisne; Nephrolepis delicatula (Decaisne) Pichi Sermolli; N. occidentalis Kunze; N. paucifrondosa J. F. R. Almeida), but this species has not (?yet) been found in China. Nephrolepis undulata can be recognized by its slender, seasonal rhizome, which usually does not bear more than one or two fronds at the same time, whereas N. cordifolia forms perennial rhizomes that regularly bear five or more well-developed fronds.We do not follow the identification by Jarvis (Order Out of Chaos, 759. 2007) of Polypodium auriculatum Linnaeus (Sp. Pl. 2: 1088. 1753) with Nephrolepis biserrata.【引自:Flora of China】

          2分布信息

          采集編號 國家 區縣 詳情
          FB856 中國 云南 昆明 詳細
          18CS16896 中國 西藏 林芝 墨脫 詳細
          FB695 中國 海南 省直轄縣 昌江 詳細
          TangGW1084 中國 海南 省直轄縣 白沙 詳細
          BJFUZLC007B13 中國 四川 成都 都江堰 詳細
          GXIBXWB012B14 中國 廣西 崇左 龍州 詳細

          3離體材料信息

          編號 保藏類型 保護級別 份數 數據來源
          IVB1329 離體培養物 藥用 10 離體材料庫
          IVB1399 離體培養物 藥用等 10 離體材料庫
          IVB1712 離體培養物 觀賞 10 離體材料庫
          • 數據統計

          • 瀏覽次數:786次
          • 創建者:種質資源庫
          • 最近更新:2024年4月18日
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