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          厚樸 Houpoёa officinalis (Rehder & E. H. Wilson) N. H. Xia & C. Y. Wu

          目前為止,中國西南野生生物種質資源庫共保藏該物種: 種子2份; DNA材料8份; DNA6份;

          • 科:木蘭科    Magnoliaceae
          • 屬:厚樸屬   Houpoёa
          • 種:厚樸   Houpoёa officinalis

          1志書描述

          2. Houpo?a officinalis (Rehder & E. H. Wilson) N. H. Xia & C. Y. Wu, Fl. China. 7: 65. 2008. 厚樸 hou po Basionym: Magnolia officinalis Rehder & E. H. Wilson in Sargent, Pl. Wilson. 1: 391. 1913; M. cathayana D. L. Fu & T. B. Chao; M. officinalis subsp. biloba (Rehder & E. H. Wilson) Y. W. Law; M. officinalis var. biloba Rehder & E. H. Wilson; M. officinalis var. glabra D. L. Fu et al.; M. officinalis var. pubescens C. Y. Deng.Trees, to 20 m tall. Bark brown, thick, not fissured. Twigs pale yellow to grayish yellow, thick and strong, sericeous at first; terminal buds ovoid-conical, large, glabrous. Stipular scar ca. 2/3 as long as petiole. Petiole thick and strong, 2.5-4 cm. Leaves 7-9 clustered on twig apex; leaf blade oblong-obovate, 22-45 × 10-24 cm, nearly leathery, abaxially grayish green, glaucous, and gray villous, adaxially green and glabrous, base cuneate, margin entire or slightly wavy, apex shortly acute, obtuse, emarginate, or sometimes 2-lobed. Peduncle short and thick, villous; bract scar ca. 1 cm basal to tepals. Flowers 10-15 cm in diam., fragrant. Tepals 9-12(-17), white, thickly fleshy; outer 3 tepals pale green, oblong-obovate, 8-10 × 4-5 cm, usually reflexed at anthesis; tepals of inner 2 whorls obovate-spoon-shaped, 8-8.5 × 3-4.5 cm, base clawed; inner tepals 7-8.5 cm, erect at anthesis. Stamens numerous, 2-3 cm; filaments red, 4-12 mm; anthers 1.2-1.5 cm, dehiscing introrsely. Gynoecium ellipsoid-ovoid, 2.5-3 cm. Fruit ellipsoid-ovoid, 9-15 cm; mature carpels with a 3-4 mm beak. Seeds triangular-obovoid, ca. 1 cm. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Aug-Oct. 2n = 38*.● Forests; 300-1500 m. Anhui, Fujian, SE Gansu, N Guangdong, Guangxi, NE Guizhou, SE Henan, W Hubei, NW Hunan, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, E and S Sichuan, Zhejiang.This species is grown as an ornamental. It is used medicinally and for timber.【引自:Flora of China】

          2分布信息

          采集編號 國家 區縣 詳情
          ZhangYW0143 中國 貴州 黔南 荔波 詳細
          LiuRL005 中國 江西 吉安 井岡山 詳細
          ZXX18508 中國 安徽 安慶 岳西 詳細
          13CS6467 中國 西藏 林芝 墨脫 詳細

          3種子保藏信息

          采集編號 采集單位 項目 采集年份 重量(g) 詳情
          ZhangYW0143 貴州省生物研究所 高校合作 2012 詳細
          LiuRL005 贛南師范學院 高校合作 2010 詳細

          4DNA樣品信息

          序列號 采集編號 保藏類型 份數 保藏溫度 提取方法 數據來源
          33482 13CS6467 DNA 2 -80℃ 改良CTAB法 DNA庫
          39760 LiuRL005 DNA 4 -80℃ 改良CTAB法 DNA庫
          • 數據統計

          • 瀏覽次數:641次
          • 創建者:種質資源庫
          • 最近更新:2024年4月18日
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